Biofortification 

 

Biofortification refers to the genetic enhancement of key food crops with enhanced nutrients6. It differs from fortification (addition of exogenous nutrients as in iodized salt) by increasing the nutrients of crops at source through agricultural interventions viz., agronomy, breeding and biotechnology. Biofortification, therefore can be a sustainable approach for achieving nutritional security along with dietary diversification, supplementation and commercial fortification strategies. Realizing the importance of  crop biofortification in achieving the nutritional security of the nation, ICAR has sanctioned a Consortia Research Platform (CRP) to ICAR-Indian Institute of Rice Research (IIRR), during the plan period of 2014-17.

 

Target

enhancing the nutritional status of major food crops of the country through biofortification approach targeting rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, pearl millet and small millets, involving institutes of ICAR, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), state agricultural universities (SAU) and traditional universities, which has been extended to 2017-2020. With the availability of the genotypes and genes as proof of concept for biofortification and considering the significant progress witnessed in several crops with respect to biofortification, the CRP aims at development of cereals biofortified with enhanced β-carotene, quality protein, iron and zinc.

 

 

Collaborative Institutes

IIRR, NRRI, IARI, IGKV, UAS-B, TNAU, U of C (6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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