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Objective 4:

Studying the effects of QPM and/or provitamin A rich maize grains on nutritional status (lysine, tryptophan, provitamin-A) of eggs and meat

The study was conducted to determine the effect feeding QPM based diets in Vanaraja birds. For the purpose, 175 numbers (day old chicks) were randomly divided into 5 dietary groups each having 7 replicates with 5 birds each. Five diets were formulated to contain normal yellow maize (NMY; Diet-1), Vivek Hyb 9 (Diet-2), QPM + pro A (Diet-3), QPM (Diet-4) and White Maize (Diet-5) (Table 4). The care was taken that all the diets were contained equal amount of essential amino acids, protein and energy. It has been observed that the improved body weight gain and feed efficiency was recorded among the groups fed diet with QPM + pro A compared to other diets during the 6 weeks of age (Table 5 and Fig 10). Though, there was numerical improvement in body weight gain and feed efficiency during the 9 week, it did not result in statistically significant difference between the dietary groups (Fig 11). At the end of the experiment, 7 birds from each treatment (each from a replicate) were sacrificed to study the slaughter variables. It has been recorded that the slaughter parameters did not vary among the various dietary groups. However, there was significant decrease in abdominal fat and increased breast muscle among the birds fed diet contained QPM (Diet-4) and QPM+proA (Diet-3) compared to other dietary groups.

Table 4. Ingredient and chemical composition of basal diet

 

Ingredients composition

 

g/100 g

Ingredients composition

g/100 g

Maize

61.769

L-Threonine

0.024

Soya DOC 45%

30.834

L-Tryptophan

0.000

Deoiled Rice Bran

3.081

Trace Mineral Mixture

0.100

Dicalcium Phosphate

1.618

AB2D3K

0.015

LSP-Powder

1.720

B Complex

0.010

Salt

0.384

Choline Cl

0.060

DL-Methionine

0.194

Toxin Binder

0.100

L-Lysine HCL

0.111

 

 

 

 Nutrients composition

 Value

M.E (Kcal/kg)

2800

Protein (%)

20.0

Lysine (%)

1.15

Methionine (%)

0.50

Calcium (%)

0.94

Available Phosphorus (%)

0.40

Threonine (%)

0.80



 

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Small Millet

NIN

NIANP